Periodontitis is a type of periodontal disease that causes holes in the bones surrounding your teeth. The surgery that gets rid of these holes and reshape the effected bone, as well as treats bone loss around the teeth is Osseous Surgery. In order to prevent your teeth from becoming mobile or falling out, you need to protect and maintain the bone in your jaw. If your teeth have become loose and weak, Osseous Surgery may be recommended in order to handle this problem. If you are a candidate for dental implants, your dentist may refer you to a Periodontist in order to handle any infected bone and to reconstruct / reshape your bones as a preliminary step. Osseous Surgery is done to correct the gums / teeth in the mouth and to remove defective / diseased bone tissue. Usually you will receive an initial periodontal therapy, prior to Osseous Surgery, called Scaling and Root Planing. Of course, it is always very important to maintain good oral hygiene such as brushing your teeth and flossing daily in order to get the best possible results from the surgery.